What is COVID-19?
On 31 December 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan City, China. ‘Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2’ (SARS-CoV-2) was confirmed as the causative agent of what we now know as ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019’ (COVID-19). Since then, the virus has spread to more than 100 countries, including South Africa.

Human Coronaviruses are normal all through the world. There are a wide range of coronaviruses recognized in creatures yet just few these can cause ailment in people.

On 7 January 2020, ‘Extreme Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2’ (SARS-CoV-2) was affirmed as the causative specialist of ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019’ or COVID-19. Most of the case-patients at first recognized were sellers and merchants at a fish, poultry and live natural life showcase in China. From that point forward, the infection has spread to in excess of 100 nations, including South Africa.

Who is most in danger?

At present, voyagers to zones where there is continuous supported transmission of COVID-19 including Mainland China (all areas), Hong Kong, Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Vietnam, Taiwan, Italy and the Islamic Republic of Iran are at most serious danger of contamination.

Besides, the older, people with co-morbidities and social insurance laborers have been seen as at a higher danger of death.

How is it transmitted?

While the primary cases most likely included presentation to a creature source, the infection currently is by all accounts spreading from individual to-individual.

The spread of the illness is thought to happen fundamentally by means of respiratory beads delivered when a tainted individual hacks or sniffles, like how flu and other respiratory pathogens spread. Up to this point, most of cases have happened in individuals with close physical contact to cases and human services laborers thinking about patients with COVID-19.

What are the indications of COVID-19?

Current indications detailed for patients with COVID-19 have included mellow to extreme respiratory sickness with hack, sore throat, brevity of breath or fever.

The total clinical picture with respect to COVID-19 is as yet not completely clear. Detailed ailments have gone from tainted individuals with almost no side effects to individuals being seriously sick and passing on.

How is COVID-19 treated?

Treatment is steady (giving oxygen for patients brevity of breath or treating a fever, for instance). Until this point in time, there is no particular antiviral treatment accessible. Anti-microbials don’t treat viral contaminations. Be that as it may, anti-toxins might be required if a bacterial auxiliary contamination creates.

How might you forestall contamination?

The accompanying can give insurance against contamination from Coronaviruses and numerous different infections that are increasingly normal in South Africa:

Wash your hands regularly with cleanser and water for in any event 20 seconds. In the event that cleanser and water are not accessible, utilize a liquor based hand sanitiser.

Abstain from contacting your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

Maintain a strategic distance from close contact with individuals who are debilitated.

Remain at home when you are wiped out and attempt and keep a good ways from others at home.

Spread your hack or wheeze with a flexed elbow or a tissue, at that point toss the tissue in the canister.

Clean and sanitize much of the time contacted articles and surfaces.

What we are doing in South Africa?

On 23 March 2020, President Cyril Ramaphosa declared another measure to battle the spread of the Covid-19 coronavirus in South Africa – a three-week across the country lockdown with serious limitations on movement and development, upheld by the South African National Defense Force – from 12 PM on Thursday, 26 March, to 12 PM on Thursday, 16 April. The President said progressively should have been done to keep away from “a tremendous calamity” among the populace.

Basically, this implied individuals would just be permitted to leave their homes to purchase food, look for clinical assistance or under other outrageous conditions.

The lockdown follows government guidelines that restricted open social occasions, travel from high-chance nations and the offer of liquor.

Also, fringes were shut to decrease the pace of contamination from those going into South Africa from different nations. An isolate was likewise authorized on inbound voyagers and bringing citizens back.

Most recent measures

On Wednesday, 1 April, Minister of Health, Dr Zweli Mkhize, propelled 60 new portable research centers to help the nation’s ability to test for COVID-19.

The examining and testing units, secured by the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), will be sent across the nation to all need regions and metros.

10,000 network social insurance laborers will be conveyed the nation over for entryway to-entryway family unit screening. Every territory has been mentioned to begin taking a shot at this technique by conveying commonplace network medicinal services laborers, with proper Personal Protective Equipment, to embrace a house-to-house program of “no-contact” screening for Covid-19 side effects and to allude indicative individuals to facilities for testing.

What’s more, PEPFAR-financed District Support Partners have been told to help regions in this program.

South Africa right now has the ability to lead 5,000 tests for COVID-19 day by day. Be that as it may, with the expansion of versatile testing units, joined with 180 testing locales and 320 testing units the nation over, this number will currently expand six-overlay.